The Application of ChatGPT in Language Test Design – The What and How




Artificial intelligence (AI), ChatGPT, language test, test design


ChatGPT, an artificial intelligence-based chatbot, has recently gone viral among users thanks to its ability to create human-like interactive experiences. It is now a trend to make use of this artificial intelligence (AI) tool in different fields of language education, including language testing and assessment. With a concern related to the potential and challenges of applying ChatGPT in designing language tests, this study has investigated the current use of the chatbot among language teachers at different schools and institutions. Participants are expected to share their experiences utilizing the chatbot to assess their learners. Data from a survey and in-depth interviews will reveal initial findings to answer questions related to the popularity of this chatbot among language teachers and its application in language test design. Based on the result discussion, the presentation concludes with some implications for language teachers to make the most of their future use of ChatGPT in the field of language testing.

Author Biography

Nguyen Thi Phuong Thao, University of Languages and International Studies, Vietnam National Universities, Ha noi, Vietnam

Nguyen Thi Phuong Thao (Thao Nguyen) is a lecturer and researcher at VNU University of Languages and International Studies. She earned a Master’s degree in English Language Teaching from the University of Southampton, UK. She has participated in research projects on test development and examiner training. Her research interests include testing and assessment, teacher education, and professional development.


Cotton, D.R., Cotton, P.A., & Shipway, J.R. (2023). Chatting and cheating. Ensuring academic integrity in the era of ChatGPT.

Choi, J.H., Hickman, K.E., & Monahan, A.B. (2023). ChatGPT goes to law school.

Dao, X.Q., Le, N.B., Phan, X.D, & Ngo, B.B. (2023). Can ChatGPT pass the Vietnamese National High School Graduation Examination?

Hong, W.S.H, (2023). The impact of ChatGPT on foreign language teaching and learning: opportunities in education and research. Journal of Education and Technology and Innovation, 5(1), 37-45.

E.Kasneci et al. (2023) ChatGPT for good? On opportunities and challenges of large language models for education. Learning and Individual Differences. 103.

Le, A.V., Bui, T.D., Le, Q.Q., & Vu, V.L. (2023). Khả năng thực hiện bài kiểm tra định kì môn Toán và môn Ngữ văn cấp Trung học của công cụ ChatGPT: Kết quả nghiên cứu và một số khuyến nghị ban đầu. Tạp chí Khoa học và Giáo dục Việt Nam, 19(2), 1-10.

Moore, N.S., & MacArthur, C.A. (2016). Student use of automated essay evaluation technology during revision. Journal of Writing Research, 8(1), 149-175.

Nguyen, Q. H. (2023). AI and Plagiarism: Opinion from Teachers, Administrators and Policymakers. Proceedings of the AsiaCALL International Conference, 4, 75–85.

Nisar, S., & Aslam, M.S. (2023). Is ChatGPT a good tool for T&CM students in studying pharmacology? Available at

Raford, A., Narasimhan, K., Salimans, T., & Sutskever, I. (2018). Improving language understanding by generative pre-training. Retrieved from

Rudolph, J., Tan, S., & Tan, S. (2023). ChatGPT: Bullshit spewer or the end of the traditional assessment in higher education. Journal of Applied Learning & Teaching, 6(1), 242-263. Available at

Tate, T., Doroudi, S., Ritchie, D., & Xu, Y. (2023). Educational research and AI-generated writing: Confronting the coming tsunami. Available at

TESOL International association. (2023). AI for Language Learning: ChatGPT and the Future of ELT. Available at

Thai, T.C.T. (2023). Thái độ và kì vọng của sinh viên sư phạm tiếng Anh đối với ChatGPT: Nghiên cứu tại trường Đại học Sư phạm Hà Nội. Tạp chí Giáo dục, 23(10), 51-61.

Tran, T.N., & Tran, H.P. (2023). Exploring the role of ChatGPT in developing critical digital literacies in language learning: a qualitative study. Proceedings of the AsiaCALL International Conference, 4, 45-62.

Yeadon, W., Inyang, O.O., Mizouri, A., Peach, A., & Testrow, C. (2022). The death of the short-form physics essay in the coming AI revolution. Physics Education, 58(3).

Zhai, X. (2022). ChatGPT user experience: Implications for education. Available at




How to Cite

Nguyen, T. P. T. (2023). The Application of ChatGPT in Language Test Design – The What and How . Proceedings of the AsiaCALL International Conference, 4, 104–115.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)